Endocrinology is a branch of science that deals with the problems associated with the endocrine system. This system is responsible for the glands which secrete hormones.
The hormone-secreting glands, along with the endocrine gland, are located in different parts of our human body are as follows:
- Thyroid gland
- Pituitary gland
- Parathyroid gland
- Adrenal gland
- Pancreas gland
- Ovaries gland
- Testes gland
The endocrine gland secretes hormones directly into the bloodstream instead of the duct system. So they are called ductless glands. The gland is the major one and is also called the chemical messenger of the body. Doctors who specialize in handling endocrine system disorders are said to be an endocrinologist.
Endocrinologists work in the endocrinology department, and it is one of the most important departments in science. This is because they are responsible for diagnosing and managing various hormonal and metabolic disorders caused due to hormonal imbalances.
The hormones generated in our body are responsible for our growth & differentiation, body tissue functions, sleep, digestion, respiration, excretion of wastes, mood changes, feelings, stress, lactation, movement, and body senses. They are also concerned with growth and development, reproduction and psychological or behavioural changes.
The endocrinology department at Sia Life Hospital evaluates and treats a wide range of hormone-related diseases. When the endocrine system is out of balance and producing very few or very high hormones in the body, it causes many health conditions. The department has end-to-end facilities to diagnose and treat all endocrine problems in adults, children, and adolescents.
We ensure our patients receive the best high-quality care possible, as our Endocrinology department has a team of the best endocrinologists in Hyderabad. The team includes qualified and experienced diabetes specialists, physicians, endocrinology doctors, and registered dieticians. Our laboratories are also fully equipped with advanced technology and state-of-the-art infrastructure to provide the best possible care. Our technologists and technicians in the lab are practically trained and experienced in doing a wide range of laboratory tests insisted by our Endocrinologists.
Our Endocrinologists of the Sia Life Hospital implements a comprehensive approach to diagnose, treat & manage both types of diabetes mellitus. Some other problems, disorders & diseases treated by the endocrinology department related to Endocrine System are as follows:
The adrenal glands are the endocrine glands located on the top of both kidneys in the adrenal system, and they produce hormones including adrenaline, steroids, aldosterone and cortisol. The hormones regulate your metabolism, blood pressure, immune system, and some other essential functions.
- Addison’s disease – lack of adrenal
- Pheochromocytoma – noncancerous tumors on the glands
- Cushing’s Disease
- Conn’s Syndrome
- Adrenal Cancer
- Adrenal Incidentaloma
Even though our bones are strong, they are subjected to certain diseases like:
- Osteoporosis or bone loss
- Osteomalacia is the condition where the bones become soft and weak.
- Paget’s disease(alters the bone remodeling process)
- Hypoglycemia (low blood sugar)
- Hypertriglyceridemia (high triglycerides)
- Lower levels of HDL cholesterol
- Metabolic Syndrome and Dyslipidemias
- Hypercholesterolemia (high cholesterol)
Sexual Hormone Disorders
Sex hormones usually control puberty, reproduction, birth, and lactation in females etc. Sexual hormone disorders result in a variety of medical conditions in both male and female:
Medical conditions in Females due to sex hormones disorders include PCOS, Hirsutism (unusual hair growth), excess Androgen production (extra male-like hormones)
Medical conditions in Males due to sex hormones disorders are Hypogonadism (low testosterone levels), Gynecomastia (male breasts), Thyroid Disease like Hyperthyroidism including Graves’ disease & Hypothyroidism including Hashimoto’s thyroiditis, goiter(abnormal enlargement of the thyroid gland), thyroid nodules, thyroid cancer and thyroiditis(inflammation of the thyroid gland)
- Parathyroid Disease and Calcium Disorders
- In some rare cases, severe thyroid disease results in abnormal blood calcium levels.
- Hypercalcemia(high calcium level in blood)
- Hypocalcemia(low calcium level in blood)
- Hyperparathyroidism(secretes excess parathyroid hormone)
- Hypoparathyroidism(secretes less parathyroid hormone)
- Parathyroid cancer
Pituitary Glands Disorders
The pituitary gland is often said to be the “master” gland because it commands other glands when to release hormones. If the gland doesn’t work properly, it can affect important body parts like the brain, skin, reproductive organs, eyes, growth and many more. Some of the diseases that affect pituitary glands are:
- Pituitary Tumors
- Hyperprolactinemia (raised prolactin)
- Galactorrhea (abnormal discharge from the breast)
- Cushing’s disease(excess steroid hormone cortisol in the blood)
- Acromegaly (excess growth hormone)
- Deficiency of growth hormone
- Hypopituitarism and panhypopituitarism